Students will be able to write a simple summary after reading a fiction text.
- Ask students to turn and talk to a partner about what they know about summaries. Have partnerships share out and record student answers on the board.
- Tell students that today they are going to learn how to write a simple summary.
- Review the definition of a summary: When you write a summary, you are retelling a story in your own words. A summary should be short, about three sentences, and should include the main ideas of the story, not details.
- Explain to students that they will listen to a story and you will model how to write a simple summary. Read a short story aloud, like The Paper Bag Princess by Robert Munsch.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Display the Write a Simple Summary worksheet using a document camera.
- Model how to write a summary using the worksheet and the book you read aloud as a mentor text (i.e., The Paper Bag Princess).
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Show a short video, like Pixar’s "Lava" (or read a story aloud).
- Display a blank copy of the Write a Simple Summary worksheet and ask the students who the main character was. Allow students to turn to an elbow partner to discuss, then call on a student volunteer to provide the answer. Write the answer in the "somebody" box on the worksheet (i.e., the volcano).
- Repeat with each box on the worksheet (i.e., What did the volcano want? What was the problem?).
- Have students turn to their elbow partner and verbally come up with a summary using the completed worksheet as a guide. Keep the completed worksheet displayed as students discuss.
- Call on three volunteers to provide examples of a summary. Point out that even if the exact wording of the summaries are different, they all expressed the same key information.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Hand out the Hot Cross Buns: Read to Remember worksheet and instruct students to complete it independently.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.
- Provide additional examples during guided practice.
- Provide partially complete graphic organizers (i.e., somebody and so are filled in) and allow students to complete the missing parts.
Enrichment: Have students apply the skills learned to write a summary about a book of their choice.
- Write the names of several familiar stories on the board (i.e., "The Three Little Pigs," "Goldilocks and the Three Bears").
- Hand out a half sheet of the Simple Summary Reading Log worksheet and instruct students to choose a story that they are familiar with from the list on the board.
- Have students complete the graphic organizer and write a summary about the story they chose. Then, collect and check for understanding.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Hold up index cards with a word (e.g., "somebody") and ask students to identify the question that is associated with the word (e.g., "Who is the main character?").